Symptoms reported by sufferers include: pain and aching to the neck and back,referred pain
to the shoulders, sensory disturbance (such as pins and needles
) to the arms and legs, and headaches
. Symptoms can appear directly after the injury, but often are not felt until days afterwards.
Whiplash is usually confined to the spine. The most common areas of the spine affected by whiplash are the neck and middle of the spine. "Neck" pain is very common between the shoulder and the neck. The "missing link" of whiplash may be towards or inside the shoulder and this would explain why neck therapy alone frequently does not give lasting relief.
Cognitive symptoms following whiplash trauma, such as being easily distracted or irritated, seems to be common and possibly linked to a poorer prognosis.